People of Uganda
Northern Uganda experienced a spate of insecurity for over 23 years ranging from cattle rustling, armed conflicts, civil strife, domestic violence and floods. The affected population were forced into protected Internally Displaced Peoples (IDP) camps and living in squalid conditions. This in-and-out conflict situation in Northern Uganda predisposed the population to a high degree of poverty and vulnerability resulting from destruction of social fabric and morals, social services and economic viability. The atrocities reduced northern Uganda to a life of dependence. Diseases (HIV), death, rape, domestic violence and marginalization of women and girls, malnutrition, poor hygiene, hopelessness and lawlessness became commonplace.
Since 2008, most people are getting resettled in their traditional homes arising from improved security, however, due to the destroyed social fabric and morals, there is a challenge of rebuilding lives and wellbeing. Women and girls have become victims of marginalization due to moral decadence and abuse of culture, they have totally been locked out of decision making both at household and community level, for example, it is a common phenomenon that women work on farms and yet have no decision-making powers when it comes to marketing and selling of the produce. Women barely participate in governance in communities. Women are further marginalized basing on natural occurrences such menstruation, bareness, loss of spouses, not marrying and acquisition of diseases such as HIV/AIDs among others. Some women have been excommunicated from their communities based on these. Globally, women represent about half of the global population, produce the majority of world’s food supply, and perform 60% to 80% of the agricultural work in emerging economies, yet women own or have significant influence over less than 20% land. The Uganda Demographic and Health Survey (UDHS) of 2011 shows that in Northern Uganda, 58% of women had experienced violence.